Jy blaai in die argief vir 2011 Julie.

‘Hit Parade’: Hierdie week 47 jaar gelede

30/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

1. You’re my world – Ray Walters (1)

2. Can’t you see that she’s mine – Dave Clark Five (3)

3. Hello Dolly – Louis Armstrong (4)

4. My boy lollipop – Milly (2)

5. The rise and fall of Flingel Bunt – Shadows (8)

6. Come on everybody – Elvis (7)

7. Once upon a time – John Gary (5)

8. Constantly – Cliff Richard (nuut)

Cliff en Elvis het fanatiese opponerende ‘fans’ gehad. Soos Ford en Chev-motors, Nat en Sap in politiek of Bulle en Province in rugby. Cliff ‘fans’ het na Elvis verwys as ‘the pelvis’. Elvis ‘fans’ het beweer Cliff sou sonder die Shadows net ‘n skaduwee gewees het. In ‘Constantly’ word Cliff egter begelei deur die Norrie Paramor Strings. Sir Richard het ek ‘n paar jaar gelede op TV gesien by Wimbledon op ‘n reendag, toe hy impromptu die skare op die pawiljoen met sy sang getrakteer het. Die tennisspeelsters het om hom saamgedrom en saamgesing. Die eerste keer wat ek van Cliff gehoor het, was met ‘Bachelor Boy’, ‘n jaar of wat voor hierdie ‘Hit Parade’.

When I was young my father said

“Son, I have something to say”

And what he told me I’ll never forget

Untill my dying day

    

     He said, “Son, you are a bachelor boy

     And that’s the way to stay.

     Son, you’ll be a bachelor boy

     Untill your dying day”

When I was sixteen I fell in love

With a girl that’s as sweet as can be

But just in time I remembered

What my daddy said to me

    He said, “Son,…….

Dit wil voorkom of Cliff daardie woorde letterlik opgeneem het.

As iemand die res van die woorde ken, gee dit aan asb.

Weernuus / Climate Change

29/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

Gistermiddag skuins voor sononder is ons verras met reen en ligte kapok. Vir die 7 jaar wat ek in Pofadder is  is die kapok ‘n eerste belewenis. Dit het ook laasnag geryp en daar was 3 mm in die reenmeter. Sneeu- tonele is die afgelope paar dae op TV gewys en koerante het daaroor berig. Volgens Die Burger, 26 Julie, het Somerset Oos sy eerste sneeu in 75 jaar gekry, Queenstown en Beaufort Wes die eerste keer in 35 jaar en 30 jaar onderskeidelik.

Die “chartists” wat die aandelemark bestudeer glo dat wanneer pryse of indekse deur ‘n langtermyn bewegende gemiddelde breek, die begin van ‘n nuwe fase aangedui word. Dit wil voorkom of, wat klimaat betref, daar in Suid-Afrika, soos in Australie en Suid-Amerika hierdie winter deur bewegende gemiddeldes gebreek is.

NOAA Climate Data: U.S. Cooling Accelerates

For the 10-year period ending March 2011, the cooling trend accelerates to 12.9 degrees F (7.2 degrees C) per century. NOAA reports that 1998 temperature was 1.3 degrees F warmer than for 2010. The U.S. has been cooling at 9.4 F (5.2 C) per century since 1998.

The Central England Temperature (CET) Record: No significant warming since 1995, cooling instead

The CET-database is the world’s oldest instrument temperature record. It has the advantage of never being manipulated by NASA.  

Springbok

28/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

Vanoggend was die wysers van die muurhorlosie in die slaapkamer eers sigbaar net voor agtuur, ‘n aanduiding dat dit ‘n betrokke dag is. Afgesien van die koue wind lyk dit sommer koud (‘gloomy’) buite. Die pad is nat van ‘sleepmis’ of ‘malmokkie’ soos die Namakwalanders dit noem. Nog ‘n dag om gepantser met warm klere tuis te bly. Na laasweek se lenteweer het die suidpool-wind ons Maandag en Dinsdag binnenshuis gehou. Dinsdagaand na die weervoorspelling vra ek vir Anna of sy iets op die program het. Indien nie kan sy saam met my veld toe gaan. Haar teenvoorstel was egter om ‘n slag Springbok toe te gaan vir inkopies. Mosie aanvaar.

Woensdagoggend was die wysers reeds voor half-agt sigbaar, dus ‘n mooiweersdag. ‘n Uur later draai die dubbelkajuit se neus weswaarts op die N14. Nes jy deur al die ratte is kom jy op die hoogste deel van die uitloper van die Boesmanland-plato, waarop Pofadder gelee is, met ‘n uitsig oor die laagland tot verby Aggeneys. Van die waterskeiding af is ‘n lang afdraend tot regoor Pella (20 km noord van die N14). Op die afdraende word my adrenalien-klier (?) se hibernasie vir ‘n oomblik versteur. Op Anna se “pasop” gewaar ek ‘n aankomende kar wat besig was om die middelstreep oor te steek. ‘n Sekonde of wat daarna gaan hy op ons baan verby, so naby dat ek aan hom sou kon raak as my venster oop was. Op daardie oomblik was ons reeds oor die geel streep en onwillekeurig kom die ‘Mercedes-grappie’ by my op. In die tru-spieeltjie merk ek dat hy net daarna terugbeweeg na sy eie baan toe. Indien hy aan die slaap geraak het, behoort hy na die insident nugter wakker te wees.

Gamsberg skuif spoedig aan ons linkerkant verby en kort daarna die myndorpie, Aggeneys, aan ons regterkant. Verder wes is die pad maar eentonig (‘die vaal f…all groei daar so hoog’, met die klem op ‘so’) en met die bakkie op ‘auto pilot’ gaan my gedagtes hul eie koers. Vir stouterige gedagtes glimlag ek met die regterkant van my mond, anders moet ek verduidelik. So 70 km duskant Springbok kom die granietberge van Namakwaland in sig en verdwyn die kwartsiet-gekroonde berge om Aggeneys na agter.

In Springbok stop ons by ‘Oom Jopie se Restaurant’ vir ontbyt. Deur die vensters is ‘n uitgewerkte oopgroefmyn oor die dak van die ENB-gebou sigbaar. Vir my is dit nie onooglik nie, dis deel van die geskiedenis. Springbok en Nababeep het immers hul ontstaan aan kopermyne te danke. Die restaurant is omtrent by die halfpadmerkie, die kruin van die jaarlikse straatmyl-roete. Ek wonder of die wedloop nog plaasvind. Onder my padwedloop-aandenkings is ‘n koevertjie met die woorde, ‘Spar Straatmyl (1990), Mans Veterane 2 de’.

Met die inkopies afgehandel teen half-twee keer ons huiswaarts. Met die son regbo is al die blommetjies nou oop. In Springbok self en tot verby die ou myngeboue (15 km oos) is daar plate blomme in skakerings van oranje en geel. Tussen 20 en 50 km verder raak die blomme gaandeweg minder, met konsentrasies op die padskouers, asook sporadiese kolle in die veld. Daar is so ‘n bossie met pers blommetjies wat in plate teen die hange van heuwels voorkom. Van die rante wes van Aggeneys tot in Pofadder word ons verras met volop wit, geel, oranje en pers spatsels veral teen oostelike hange, wat nie die oggend raakgesien is nie.

Climate Change: H.H. Lamb, 1968 / Historiese Klimaatsverandering

26/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

Changes to be considered in the period of instrument records

 

“The last of these climatic changes [warming following the Little Ice Age] brings us to the era for which a good deal of information may be gleaned from early instrument records and from diaries (some of them specifically weather diaries) from which frequencies of east or west winds, rain days, etc., may be counted up. The barometer was invented in 1643, the thermometer about the same time and the first, somewhat curious, rain-gauges were set up between 1676 and the 1690s. By a century later there seem to have been a good many reasonable barometers, thermometers and rain-gauges about, whose readings we can use.

“There have been changes during the past 100-200 years in many climatic elements in many parts of the world which reach statistically significant levels. The nearly world-wide climatic amelioration [=make better/grow better] – seen at its most rapid in the warming of the Arctic and ice recession – from the 1830s to the 1930s has brought us into yet another climatic phase, partly resembling the warmer periods in the middle ages.

This is the first climatic change whish can be measured and plotted out  in terms of instrument readings. Several researches have shown that the atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic intensified materially from 1880-90 to 1920-40. This was the period of most rapid shrinkage of the Arctic ice.

Weakening of the atmospheric circulation in winter in the Atlantic and European sector, including the Arctic, became evident a little before 1940 [when that warming phase stopped]. Not until the 1950s was there evidence that this had resulted in an increased extent of the polar ice, but this is now increasingly apparent in Iceland and the European sector.

We do not yet know whether the latest turn in our climatic fortunes, since the optimum [=most favourable] years of the 1930s, marks the beginning of a serious downward trend, or whether it is merely another wobble – one more of the semi-regular oscillations on a time scale of 20 to 60 years [The downward trend actually lasted from 1938 until 1977, before the next upward trend in global temperatures commenced.] There have been other striking ameliorations before, even during the Little Ice Age: the mild periods around the 1630s,1730s,1770s and 1840s must all have been rather impressive.”

Let op dat periodes van aardverwarming in gunstige terme beskryf word (‘amelioration’, ‘optimum’) terwyl periodes van afkoeling as ongunstig beskryf word (‘deterioration’). Geen klimaatskommelinge voor 1945 kan aan menslik-gegenereerde kweekhuisgasse toegeskryf word nie. Sedert die toename van CO2 in die atmosfeer meetbaar geword het (1945) was daar vir meer as 30 jaar lank afkoeling (negatiewe korrelasie) en slegs gedurende 1977 tot 1998 ‘n skynbare positiewe korrelasie tussen CO2-toename en stygende temperature. 21 jaar uit 61 jaar kan op geen manier as ‘n statistiese korrelasie geinterpreteer word nie. Daar is dus geen bewys dat koolstof-emissie ‘n uitwerking op klimaat het nie. Dat klimaatsverandering natuurlik is blyk oorweldigend uit historiese gegewens. Maatreels om koolstof-emissie te beperk, met gepaardgaande ekonomiese ontwrigting, is onverdedigbaar. 

‘Hit Parade’: Hierdie week 47 jaar gelede

24/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

Ek kon ‘Frustrasies met Internet Explorer’ (met allerhande leestekens) die opskrif gemaak het. Saterdagoggend voor nege uur was my weeklikse pos klaar getik, maar voor ek kon ‘save’ verskyn daai walglike boodskap,’Internet explorer can not display the webpage’. So het dit gister heeldag gegaan, selfs sesuur op ‘n Sondagoggend. Vanmiddag dieselfde. Uiteindelik, na ‘n uurlange oproep na die Atlantic hulpsentrum, is ek darem weer in sirkulasie. My verskoning aan diegene wat gister vergeefs uitgekyk het vir die ‘Hit Parade’-pos. Liewers laat as nooit!

1. You’re my world – Ray Walters (3)

2. My boy lollipop – Milly (1)

3. Can’t you see that she’s mine – Dave Clark Five (4)

4. Hello Dolly – Louis (Satchmo) Armstrong (6)

5. Once upon a time – John Gary (2)

6. Juliet – Four Pennies (5)

7. Come on everybody – E. Presley (nuut)

8. The rise and fall of Flingel Bunt – The Shadows (nuut)

Na 4 weke in die top posisie is ‘My boy lollipop’ onttroon.

‘Come on everybody’ kan ek nie onthou nie, alhoewel die van ‘Presley’ vaagweg bekend is. Hm…Hmmm, daar was ‘n aktrise wat ‘n rol in die sepie ‘Dallas’ gespeel het. Priscilla of so iets, seker nie familie nie.

Die ‘Shadows’ het as’t ware in Cliff Richard se skaduwee geleef, maar het tog in eie reg bekendheid verwerf met ‘n lang string self-gekomponeerde treffers, soos Atlantis, Shazam en Rhythm and Greens. Laasgenoemde was ook die titel van ‘n rolprent waarin die Shadows die hoofrol gespeel het. Minder mense is dalk daarvan bewus dat die talentvolle orkes behalwe ‘orchestrals’ ook ‘vocals’ geproduseer het, o.a. ‘Mary-Anne’ en ‘Don’t make my baby blue’, waarvan die woorde hieronder verskaf word vir ander badkamer- of agter-die-stuurwiel-sangers (soos ekself):

I know that I can’t keep her

Now she’s in love with you

But I’ll be standing by

So you just better try

And don’t make my baby blue

I know your reputation

They say you can’t be true

But even though I’m gone

I’ll still be lookin’ on

So don’t make my baby blue

   

    My little girl’s an angel

    And it hurts me to set her free

    So you better take good care of her

    Cause she still means the world to me

I’m gonna step aside now

Just like she wants me to

But I’ll be standing by

So you just better try

Don’t make my baby blue

Don’t make my ba..aby blue

Don’t make my ba.aby

Blue..ue..ue..ue..ue……

The Changing Climate/Vars Weernuus

22/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

www.news.com.au, July 8:Australian Ski Resorts: Highest snowfall in decades.

“It’s all white for this year’s ski season, with fresh snow falls breaking records and reaching depths of up to 1.6 m at some resorts. The resorts are experiencing the deepest snow in the first week of July since 1990.”

CCTV-news, July 20 (newsflash): Record snowfall isolates over 5 000 people in southern Chile.

ook:

Heat gulf in USA Midwest continuing. Hou egter in gedagte dat dit nou daar die ekwivalent van Januarie hier is. In Louis L’Amour en ander ‘westerns’ word versengende hitte in die ‘weste’ dikwels beskryf. Dis nie ongewoon nie.

Minus dubbelsyfers in Antarktika is ook algemeen en tel dus nie hier nie.

H.H. Lamb,1968 – The Chronicle of Past Events (continued)

“7. The period from 1550 to about 1850 has been called the Little Ice Age. The glaciers of Europe reached their most advanced positions since the Ice Age and the polar pack ice on the North Atlantic probably also became more extensive than at any other time that we have been talking about. …the evidence suggests that by 1780-1800 the ice commonly extended more than halfway from Greenland to Norway and affected the coasts of Iceland for much of the year. The first attempts on the North-East Passage (1553, Chancellor) and the North-West Passage (1585, Davis) were evidently taken at an unfortunate time.

Winters with east winds in western Europe were prominent in the early stages (1550-1600, though later on weak circulations seems to have been more characteristic. The siting of the houses in England showed a desire for shelter from all directions and, since it was dry epoch, at least from 1600 to 1750, low-lying sites were not avoided.

In the days of the older London Bridges, which restricted the movement of water in and out of the upper river, the Thames used occasionally to freeze over in London. This did not happen more than once or twice a century until the 1500’s. Its more frequent occurrence after that date is shown in Table 3 (1500’s – 4, 1600’s – 8, 1700’s – 6).

There were years of distress in all northern countries; farms had to be abandoned to the ice in Iceland, Norway and the Alps. Growing of cereals completely ended in Iceland, only to be resumed in the 1920’s and after [toe ‘Aardverwarming’ begin het]. There were years of dearth in Scotland and Scandinavia, especially in the 1590’s, 1690’s and 1780,s, occasioned by poor summers as well as harsh winters. [Stygende voedselpryse weerspieel swak oeste weens die onlangse ysige winters in die noordelike halfrond]. The woods were dying near the north-west coast of Scotland, perhaps owing to increased windiness and salt spray, and these shores remain treeless today. Plaque and malaria however disappeared from Europe north of the Alps. Malaria still existed in the Cambridgeshire fens until the mid-nineteenth century. (Oliver Cromwell is believed to have died of English malaria.)

Jon Eythersson (1952) quotes the following Icelandic parish record which gives a vivid impression of climatic disaster:

‘1709. Breidamork (farm). Derelict …a little woodland, now surrounded by glacier…

Fjall (farm). Derelict. Fourteen years ago had farmhouse and buildings, all now come under the glacier…’

Utterstrom (1955) gives details of the sufferings in Norway and Sweden in the 1590’s and the 1690’s. Both were decades in which there was important volcanic activity in the world, and it may be that the reported climatic vicissitudes lend some credence to the theory that a veil of volcanic dust in the upper atmosphere was effectively reducing insolation. He quotes from the parish records near Kalmar in Sweden: ‘In that year (1601) the sun did not have its right natural shine or heat, but in a clear sky shone as though through smoke until 9 or 10 in the day and mid-evening lost its shine again’. He also mensions that in the diocese of Stavanger in Norway there were severe famines in 1596-98 so that the people ate bark and ground hay, straw and chaff into bread.

The change of climate was taken more lightly in England, but vine growing was abandoned and there was less success with other southern fruits.

By the 1780’s we can put together a picture of the actual temperature levels prevailing. In Central England the average for January was some 2.5 degrees Celsius lower than in the 1920’s and 1930’s.” [Die herstel van die lae vlakke af word nou verkeerdelik aan mensgemaakte globale verhitting toegeskryf]

The Changing Climate – H.H. Lamb, 1968

20/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

Chronicle of Past Events (continued)

“6. The period 1400-1550 was one of partial recovery; although there were a few harsher winters than before in Europe in the 1430’s, and increasingly after 1500, and upland villages were abandoned perhaps partly for this reason in England and Germany. On the whole the times became more prosperous in Iceland and Scotland and notably so in England. Southern fruits were introduced into English gardens, e.g. apricot, peach, figs and quince. There was some renewed attention to the vine by the gentry who took over great gardens from the abbeys. Growing cherries in orchards is said to have started about 1460 A.D.

Houses in England tended to be built on the northern slopes and face north to east, shunning the ‘unhealthy south wind and the violent west wind and to admit only the gentle east wind and the north wind which drives away pestiferous vapours’.

The great voyages of discovery from about 1490 may have been encouraged by a period of somewhat reduced storminess over most of the oceans, though the Cape of Storms (now the Cape of Good Hope) and the Horn had a bad name.”

The Changing Climate: H.H. Lamb, 1968

19/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

The Chronicle of Past Events

 

“5. Decline set in again. The period 1200-1400 A.D. contained some remarkable climatic instability in western Europe with great floods and droughts, notably severe and notably mild winters [I suppose with no carbon emission yet, this would not qualify as ‘extreme weather’ or ‘climate change’]. Polar ice was much more in evidence in Iceland and Greenland waters than formerly and there is much mention of storminess. The links between Scandinavia and Iceland became tenuous and that with Greenland virtually ceased to exist. Iceland was engulfed in poverty, disasters befalling with volcanic eruptions as well as ice; grain growing almost died out and the forest disappeared. In Greenland, after the links with the outside world had been severed, the stature of the people declined, until by 1400 the normal height of these Norse stock is believed to have been less than 5 ft (1m 50 cm), and the colony ultimately died out. Some of these phenomena might be explained by the depression track moving south at a time when there was still much heat stored in the main part of the Atlantic Ocean. Colder conditions set in therewith in Iceland and Greenland, but cooling did not become important for some considerable time in Europe.

Vine growing only gradually declined in England and on the Continent. At one time (1128-1437) wine had been produced in East Prussia. Grapes grew even at Tilsit (55 degrees N) in Lithuania and in south Norway and as high as 780 m above sea level in the Black Forest. The highest vineyards in Germany today are about 560 m near the Boden See in Baden. The decline of the wine harvests since the Middle Ages in the vine growing Land Baden is based on the data given by Muller (1953). The decline in England, perhaps mainly between 1250-1400 seems to fit better with the time of climatic deterioration than with the increase of competition with French wines. The accounts of the abbey at Ely are known to record sales from the abbey vineyards up to as late as 1469, though with much trouble with bad years when the juice was worthless and no wine could be made. Things had been better in the 1200’s.

The period 1350-1600 seems to have been a time of plaques, and diseases were particularly rife in Europe, perhaps encouraged by poor summers and mild winters. After the Black Death the plaque died out quickest in high latitudes.”

The Changing Climate: H.H. Lamb, 1968

18/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

The Chronicle of Past Events

 

 

“4. There was a secondary optimum of climate between 400 and 1200 A.D., the peak probably being 800-1000 A.D. This was on the whole a dry warm period and apparently remarkably stormfree in the Atlantic and in the North Sea. It was the time of lowland settlement in the Saxon lands and of considerable flowering  of Celtic and Northumbrian cultures. Missions from the Celtic Church in Ireland were sent as far as Africa and Iceland. It was also the time of great Viking voyages and the settlement of Iceland and Greenland. The early Norse burials in Greenland were deep in ground which is now permanently frozen [It was obviously much warmer then]. There were several visits to America (probably many timber-getting voyages between Greenland and Labrador) and there is evidence which suggests that at least one Viking ship got through the North-West Passage [less pack ice than now] and ultimately reached the Gulf of California (cf. Ives 1953).

In Domesday Book (1085 A.D.) 38 vineyards were recorded in England besides those of the king. The wine was considered almost equal with the French wine in quality and quantity as far north as Gloucestershire. The London basin, the Medway valley and the Isle of Ely were also favoured districts. This implies summer temperatures perhaps 1 to 2 degrees Celsius higher than today [in the ‘catastrophic’ range, according to todays climatologists] and general freedom from May frosts.

There are some curious records of occasional severe frosts in the Mediterranean during this epoch, the Tiber at Rome and the Nile at Cairo being frozen over once or twice [‘extreme weather’!]. Butzer (1958) mentions bearing ice on the Nile at Cairo in 820 and 1010/11 A.D., and also the northern Adriatic frozen in 859/60: in other words right at the peak of the storm-free, warm epoch in the north. Presumably this points to a northward shift  of the anticyclone belt as characteristic of the epoch and much Siberian cold air occasionally reaching the Mediterranean.

There is evidence of greater rainfall than now in southern Europe. The mediaeval bridge at Palermo, Sicily (1113 A.D.), was built to span a river much larger than that of today.” 

‘Hit Parade’: Hierdie week 47 jaar gelede

16/07/2011 in Sonder kategorie

1. My boy lollipop – Milly (1)

2. Once upon a time – John Gary (4)

3. You’re my world – Ray Walters (2)

4. Can’t you see that she’s mine – Dave Clark Five (8)

5. Juliet – Four Pennies (3)

6. Hello Dolly – Louis Armstrong (nuut)

7. I’m the lonely one – Cliff Richard (5)

8. Hookatooka – Chubby Checker (6)

Louis Armstrong, as ek reg onthou was hy ook “Satchmo” genoem, was ‘n neger-sanger met ‘n stem asof daar doringdraad in sy keel was. Tog kon hy die hele oktaaf sing (in teenstelling met hedendaagse mono-toon Afrikaanse sangers soos Theuns Jordaan) en het sy liedjies ‘n eie bekoring gehad.

Hello Dolly, this is Louis,Dolly

It’s so nice to have you back where you belong

You’re lookin’ swell, Dolly, I can tell, Dolly

You’re still …………

 

Dis sover as wat ek op die oomblik kan onthou.

Kan iemand dalk byvoeg?